Explained: How to build your own PC, Lesson 1 of 5: hardware basics

Posted by Ercan Aslan 20/03/2017 PC News,

If you want the strongest, biggest and the most upgradeable PC, you should build it yourself. In this blog we will give you the steps to build your own PC, from scratch.

 

We’ll be guiding you through the process. But for now we will be talking about the computer hardware basics. You could go and buy a PC, but you might find yourself happier with a handmade custom-built machine. Building from scratch means that the PC will fit your needs, whether you are a hardcore gamer or a low-budget gamer. In some parts you may save some money, but overall it will be the great feeling you will have after seeing the final product.

 

Building is much more time consuming than buying, and your first time through, it can be difficult. Today, you will walk through every step to building your first computer from start to finish.

 

The Types of Machines

 

 

First of all you need to know what kind of performance you expect from your machine. The best way to do that is to split the build in to price categories. The price range can be for example like: RM 1300, RM 3000, and RM 6000.

 

Low Performance: If you’re looking for a simple PC for web browsing, email checking, or video watching, a low performance machine is probably the way to go. These machines are small, don’t draw a lot of power, and are usually pretty quiet, which is great.

 

Middle of the Road: This is a great option for the majority of users. In this segment,  machines will sit in a smaller computer tower, with enough power to play some casual games and run more than a few programs at once. If you’re looking for a multipurpose computer that won’t break the bank, this is where you want to go.

 

High Performance: Generally, users with high performance computers are doing more resource-intensive tasks: converting and editing large amounts of video, playing the latest and greatest games at high settings, running other operating systems in virtual machines, and so on. Be prepared to shell out a bit of cash, use a lot of electricity, and devote a lot of space to this machine.

 

The Parts That Make Up a Computer

 

 

Every computer is made of the same basic components, but we’ll walk through the basic hardware you’ll need.

 

The Processor

 

 

The CPU is the “brain” of your PC. Better CPUs can perform more tasks, and perform them faster. The high-end models are crucial if you’re in to tasks like video editing, video conversion, compiling code, or gaming. It’s also one of the most expensive parts of a machine, but you definitely don’t need to worry about needing the latest and greatest.

 

The Motherboard

 

The motherboard connects all the components together, and it is the base upon which you build. It contains a lot of core features, like the number of ports, the number of expansion cards you can put in and also leads to your computers size. Which motherboard you pick will depend on whether you build a low, medium, or high performance PC.

 

The Case

 

The case holds all the parts together. A case is important in the way that affect you and your home on how quiet it is, how large it is, and of course, how it looks in your office. It is an important consideration that is valued on your choice, so you might want to think about what you want in terms of a case before moving on.

 

The RAM

 

 

The RAM Memory is like your computer’s short-term memory. It stores data to help your programs run faster  and help you run more programs at a time. If you run a lot of programs at once, you’ll want a computer with more RAM. If you use virtual machines, you will need even more RAM.

 

The Graphics Card

 

The GPU, is specifically designed to handle the graphics on your PC. It is the part where you can hook up your monitor, and shows your desktop and your windows on  screen. Some motherboards have an integrated GPU, which is enough to manage your desktop. For the gamers, you’ll need a separate graphics card, since it can do do the complex images.

 

The Hard Drive

 

 

Your HDD, not to be confused with memory. Stores all your data, from your operating system to your documents, music, and movies. Basically the RAM is your PC’s short-term memory, and the hard drive the long-term memory. It stores the things you want to keep. Choosing the right HDD will be determined by how much data you need to store, but some kinds of hard drives, like SSD’s can also affect your computer’s speed on a positive way.

 

The Optical Drive

 

The optical drive, more commonly known as a CD or DVD drive, is what you’ll use to read CDs, DVDs, and even Blu-Ray discs. Nowadays it is not everyone needs to have an optical drive in their PC. However you can buy one very cheap, so there’s little reason not to have one.

 

The Power Supply

 

The power supply directs electricity to the other components in your machine. So, if you have a high performance computer with the best components, you’ll need a higher wattage power supply, than you would if you were building a low-end PC. This is probably the last component you’ll shop for, once you’ve nailed down your other parts and how much electricity they’ll require.

 

Other Parts to Consider

 

After getting the main components based on your need. You can also improve your PC with some additional parts. For example, using Wi-Fi cards to access the internet instead of wired Ethernet.

 

If you take a lot of photos, an internal SD card reader would be very handy to easily load your photos onto your computer. If you have any products that requires Bluetooth, you might consider buying an internal Bluetooth card, and if you video chat with friends, you’ll want to pick up a webcam.

 

And, of course, if you don’t have them, you’ll need a monitor, keyboard, and mouse. For the cooling part you can even get water cooling parts to optimize the cooling in your PC.

 

These are just a few of the extra things you could use, so really think about what you’ll be using this computer for and what other parts you need to buy.

 

So layback and think about what kind of PC you want and how you’re going to use your new computer. If you’re going to do a lot of gaming, a high-end processor and video card are crucial. Once you’ve figured it out, check the next lesson where we will discuss about the parts you will buy. If you have any questions feel free to ask, and we will help you getting your ‘beasty’ PC.

 

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